Studies over the last 50 years have repeatedly shown there to be a number of acoustic and temporal differences between female and male voices that can't merely be explained by anatomical differences such as vocal tract size or vocal fold length. While we know that many differences have a social component, i.e. they are learned behaviours, it is still unclear which aspects may have a biophysical origin. Non-uniform differences between male and female acoustic vowel spaces, as well as systematic differences in male and female sound durations are just two such areas. Using a series of articulatory and acoustic analyses together with listening experiments, this project is attempting to tease apart some of the socially acquired patterns from the biologically inevitable.
(M. Weirich & A. Simpson)
Weirich, M. & Simpson, A. (2018) Individual differences in acoustic and articulatory undershoot in a German diphthong - variation between male and female speakers. Journal of Phonetics 71, 35-50.
Weirich, M., Fuchs, S., Simpson, A., Winkler, R. & Perrier, P. (2016) Mumbling: macho or morphology? Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research.
Weirich, M. & Simpson, A.P. (2015) Impact and interaction of accent realization and speaker's sex on vowel length in German. In: A. Leemann, M.-J. Kolly, S. Schmid & V. Dellwo (eds.), Trends in Phonetics and Phonology in German speaking Europe. Frankfurt/M.: Peter Lang.
Weirich, M. & Simpson, A.P. (2014) Articulatory vowel spaces of male and female speakers. Proceedings of the 10th Intern. Seminar on Speech Production (ISSP), Cologne, 453-456.
Weirich, M., Simpson, A.P., Fuchs, S., Winkler, R. & Perrier, P. (2014) Mumbling is morphology? Proceedings of the 10th Intern. Seminar on Speech Production (ISSP), Cologne, 457-460.
Weirich, M. & Simpson, A. (2014) Differences in acoustic vowel space and the perception of speech tempo. Journal of Phonetics 43.1-10. [link]
Weirich, M. & Simpson, A. (2013) Investigating the relationship between average speaker fundamental frequency and acoustic vowel space size. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 134 (4), 2965-2974. [link]
Weirich, M. & Simpson, A. (2013) Acoustic vowel space size and perceived speech tempo. Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics (POMA). [pdf]
Weirich, M. & Simpson (2012). Perceived speech tempo and vowel space size, P&P8, FSU Jena. [pdf]
Weirich, M. & Simpson (2012). Listening tongues, Weirich, M. & Simpson, A. P&P8, FSU Jena. [pdf]
Simpson, A. P. (2012). The first and second harmonics should not be used to measure breathiness in male and female voices. Journal of Phonetics 40, 477-490.
Simpson, A. P. (2011). Is there a relationship between acoustic vowel space size and fundamental frequency? Proceedings of XVIIth ICPhS, pp. 1854-1857, Hong Kong.